History

Belgium was recognised as an independent country in 1830 but the monarchy was established in 1831. Leopold I, prince of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, took the constitutional oath on 21 July 1831 to become the first King of the Belgians.

Under the hereditary constitutional monarchy system, the role and operation of Belgium's institutions, including the monarchy, are governed by the Constitution. "Hereditary" means the royal office, as described in the Constitution, is earmarked solely for a descendent of the first King of the Belgians, Leopold I.

Bound by the Constitution above all other ideological and religious considerations, political opinions and debates and economic interests, the King acts as an arbiter and guardian of the country's unity and independence.

Leopold I
King of the Belgians from 21.07.1831 to 10.12.1865

Leopold II
King of the Belgians from 17.12.1865 to 17.12.1909

Albert I
King of the Belgians from 23.12.1909 to 17.02.1934

Leopold III
King of the Belgians from 23.02.1934 to 16.07.1951

Prince Regent Charles
Regent from 20.09.1944 to 20.07.1950

Baudouin
King of the Belgians from 17.07.1951 to 31.07.1993

Albert II

Albert II
King of the Belgians from 09.08.1993 until 21.07.2013
Philippe
King of the Belgians from 21.07.2013 until today